Perennials for Your Garden.

Permaculture is for everyone.

Permaculture is for everyone.

Perennials are a large component of Permaculture. When you’re planning your garden, this list of perennials should help you to see whether that plant you’re contemplating will stay around more than a year or two.

Perennials give a consistent look to your garden and are commonly used as a starting point when planning front yard edible landscapes. Plant your perennials first, then add in edible annuals to add lushness while your perennial plants are becoming established.

List obtained from

List of perennials

  • Agastache
  • Agave
  • Alfalfa
  • Allium tricoccum: commonly known as ramps, spring onion, ramson, wild leek, or ail des bois
  • Apple (Malus domestica)
  • Apricot
  • Asparagus
  • Avocado (Persea americana)
  • Banana
  • Barrel cactus – edible flowers, buds, and fruit
  • Basil, many varieties: African Blue (Ocimum kilimandscharicum × basilicum ‘Dark Opal’), East Indian, holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum)
  • Blackberry
  • Black cherry (Prunus serotina)
  • Blackcurrant
  • Blueberry
  • Broccoli, many varieties (Nine Star)
  • Caralluma fimbrata
  • Caralluma edulis
  • Chestnut (Castanea sativa) — also called sweet chestnut or marron
  • Chicory
  • Chives
  • Chokeberries (Aronia species)
  • Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana)
  • Citrus
  • Clover (Trifolium)
  • Common sorrel (Rumex acetosa) — also called sorrel, gardensorrel, spinach dock or narrow-leaved dock
  • Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas) — Also known as the European Cornel
  • Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)
  • Currant
  • Daylilies (Hemerocallis species)
  • Dill
  • Eggplant (Solanum melongena) — frost-tender
  • Feijoa (Acca sellowiana) — Also known as Pineapple Guava or Guavasteen
  • Fennel
  • Ferula
  • Fig (Ficus carica)
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Ginkgo biloba — nuts only; leaves are used medicinally. Allergic reactions reported, eat nuts in moderation.
  • Globe artichoke
  • Grape
  • Ground Nut (Apios americana)
  • Hawthorn (Cratagus species)
  • Hazel nut (Corylus americana, C. cornuta, C. avellana)
  • Hops (Humulus lupulus)
  • Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)
  • Hosta — taste before buying, some taste much better than others.
  • Japanese wineberry (Rubus phoenicolasius)
  • Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) — Also called sunroot, sunchoke, or earth apple
  • Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) — many cultivars are biennial
  • Kiwi fruit
  • Konjac (Amorphophallus konjac)
  • Lavender
  • Leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum (L.), also sometimes known as Allium porrum)
  • Lemon Balm
  • Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)
  • Malabar spinach (Basella alba) — Also known as Ceylon spinach, Red vine spinach, Climbing spinach
  • Mango
  • Maple (sugar maple)
  • Mint
  • Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)
  • Nasturtium
  • New Zealand Spinach (Tetragonia tetragonioides)
  • Night-blooming cereus (Hylocereus) – also known as dragonfruit
  • Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)
  • Onions — many varieties are perennials: Potato onions, Shallots, Egyptian onions, Japanese bunching onions, Welsh onions, Chinese leeks
  • Orchid cactus (Epiphyllum species) – edible fruit
  • Oregano
  • Organ pipe cactus (Stenocereus thurberi) – edible fruit
  • Pear
  • Peppers (Capsicum annuum) — chilis, bell peppers, sweet peppers
  • Persimmon
  • Peruvian Apple Cactus (Cereus repandus)
  • Pin cherry (Prunus pensylvanica) — also called fire cherry
  • Pine
  • Pineapple
  • Piper nigrum (black pepper)
  • Plum
  • Pomegranate
  • Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
  • Prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) – fruit, pads, and flowers are edible
  • Quince (Cydonia oblonga)
  • Radicchio (Cichorium intybus) — Also known as Italian Chicory
  • Rakkyo (Allium chinense)
  • Raspberries
  • Redbud (Cercis species)
  • Rhubarb
  • Roses
  • Rosemary
  • Saffron crocus (Crocus sativus)
  • Sage
  • Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea) – has edible fruit
  • Sea Kale (Crambe maritima)
  • Siberian peashrub (Caragana arborescens)
  • Sissoo Spinach (Alternanthera)
  • Serviceberry (Amelanchier sp.) — otherwise known as Juneberry
  • Star Apple (Chrysophyllum cainito) — also called cainito, caimito,golden leaf tree, abiaba, pomme du lait, estrella, milk fruit and aguay.
  • Starfruit (Averrhoa carambola) — also called Carambola
  • Stevia
  • Stonecrop (Sedum species) – used in salads and are said to have a sour or peppery taste. Eat these sparingly; some can cause indigestion if eaten in large amounts.
  • Strawberry
  • Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo)
  • Strawberry Tree (Muntinga calabura) — Also known as Jamaican cherry, Panama berry, Singapore cherry
  • Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)
  • Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)
  • Taro (Colocasia esculenta) — Also called Elephant Ear and Eddoe. The related ornamental plant Caladium is poisonous
  • Thyme
  • Tomato
  • Tree sorrel (Averrhoa bilimbi) — also called bilimbi or cucumber tree
  • Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) — Mostly used as a medicinal herb tea
  • Water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis)
  • Watercress
  • Wineberry (Aristotelia serrata) — Also known as Makomako, native to New Zealand
  • White Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)

5 thoughts on “Perennials for Your Garden.

  1. Such a comprehensive list, thank you for sharing. I’d been planning to extend my knowledge of perennial edibles, this is a very useful starting point for me.

  2. Pingback: Community Knowledge | Blisters, Bunions and Blarney

  3. Pingback: Perennials for Your Garden. | freedomfarmtv | WORLD ORGANIC NEWS

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